A Comprehensive Guide to Gum Disease Treatment

Gum Disease Treatment

Gum disease is an oral health complication concerning the tissues around the teeth, including redness, swelling, and sensitivity. When bacteria overgrow the gums due to a lack of proper dental hygiene, they cause infection and inflammation. You might even have gum bleeding, which might have scared you.

In this comprehensive guide, we aim to give you more information about gum disease, how to prevent it, and the available treatment plans.

Comprehensive Guide to Gum Disease Treatment

What Is Gum Disease and What Causes It?

Gum disease or gingivitis is defined as swelling, redness, sensitivity, and bleeding in gums. These symptoms are signs of inflammation due to gum infection. When you don’t have a proper dental hygiene routine and miss flossing or brushing your teeth regularly, bacteria will get a chance to grow around your sensitive teeth and on your gum.

When these harmful bacteria build up in a tissue, it will get infected. Bacteria will also turn into plaque buildup over time and worsen the situation. These hardened bacteria plaques will irritate the surrounding gum tissues.
Besides its irritative symptoms, gum disease can also cause many other health problems.

Some people are suffering from bad breath. You may also lose some teeth due to the lack of gum support, or in severe cases, the infection may spread into other organs and even the bloodstream.

Early gum disease diagnosis is important because it will lead to timely treatment. Please book an appointment with our experienced dentist at Sawmill Valley Dental to have the best diagnosis and treatment plan.

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Gum Disease Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting gum disease. There is almost always more than one possible cause behind any oral health issue. Some of the risk factors that could lead to gum disease include:

  • Smoking habits
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Heart diseases
  • Diabetes.
  • Hormonal changes, for example, during pregnancy and menopause
  • Diseases related to the immune system
  • High levels of stress
  • Genetics
  • Other health conditions that cause inflammation

Gum Disease Stages: Catch It Early On

Gum disease is a general definition that consists of four stages. It starts with mild symptoms but might end with losing your teeth. Understanding these stages and identifying the early signs are crucial for an effective treatment.

Gum Disease Stages

Stage 1: Gingivitis

This is the earliest stage of gum disease when irritation and swelling haven’t yet fully emerged. When you have gingivitis, you might experience gum bleeding while flossing and brushing your teeth. You may also feel your gums are swollen and tender. This is the best time to treat your gum disease before it gets any worse you can call an emergency dentist in Mississauga.

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Stage 2: Mild Periodontitis

At this stage, bacteria have grown even more, and they start going under your gums. Bacteria plaques around your teeth have formed, and your gums feel more irritated than before. These events will damage your teeth as well as your gums.

Stage 3: Moderate Periodontitis

In moderate periodontitis, bacteria under your gums start to harm your bones. Your gums and bones become infected to the extent that you might see puss around your teeth and gums.

Stage 4: Advanced Periodontitis

This is the stage in which your bones, gums, and teeth are damaged the most. At this stage, your gums and bones will be unable to protect your teeth properly, so you will lose some of them.

Gum Disease Symptoms and Complications

Gum disease may cause different symptoms and complications with different levels of severity, depending on the stage of gum disease. Therefore, you should stay alert to these warning signs to prevent more serious issues.

Gum Disease Symptoms

  • Swollen gums
  • Reddish or dark-colored gums
  • Bleeding, especially while great flossing and teeth brushing
  • Bad breath
  • Tender and sensitive gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful gums while chewing
  • Changes in gums appearance
  • Gum recession

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More Severe Gum Disease Complications

  • Severe infection and visible puss around the teeth and gum line
  • Tooth loss
  • Higher risk of cardiovascular diseases
  • Higher risk of cancer

How to Prevent Gum Disease?

Prevention is always more logical than getting into treatment. To prevent gum disease, the most important thing is to have a proper oral hygiene routine. You should floss and brush your teeth regularly, and it’s even better to use a good mouthwash.

Some people might have problems knowing what oral hygiene routine is good for them and what kind of mouthwash or toothbrush they should use. Our expert dentist in Mississauga
at Sawmill Valley Dental Clinic is ready to help you prevent gum disease and protect your pearly whites.

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Gum Disease Treatment at Sawmill Valley Dental Clinic

Gum disease, also called gingivitis or periodontal disease, needs different treatments depending on how bad the disease is, how you responded to treatments before, and your overall health. Non-surgical treatments are usually tried first.

Professional dental cleaning is when your dentist or dental hygienist removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line, which helps to stop gum disease from getting worse. Scaling and root planing is a deeper cleaning where plaque and tartar from under the gums are removed, and rough spots on the tooth roots are smoothed so gums can reattach to the teeth.

Sometimes, medications are used to help treat gum disease. These can include antiseptic chips or antibiotic microspheres put into gum pockets to kill bacteria, antibiotic gels applied after deep cleaning, and enzyme suppressants taken as pills to stop gum tissue from breaking down.

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If the disease is more serious, surgery might be needed. Flap surgery lifts the gums to remove tartar and smooth damaged bone to stop bacteria from hiding. Bone grafts can replace the lost bone and help new bone grow. Soft tissue grafts use tissue from the roof of the mouth to make gums stronger or replace gums that have receded.

Guided tissue regeneration and bone surgery are other options to help bone and gum tissue grow back and reshape bone to stop more bacteria from growing.

Antibiotics like chlorhexidine and doxycycline are often used with these treatments to control bacteria and stop the destruction of the connection between the tooth and bone. Antibacterial toothpaste and antimicrobial mouthwash can also help control plaque and gingivitis as part of daily oral care. Some advanced treatments might use lasers to remove infected tissue and help healing.

Prepare Yourself for the Treatment

Prepare Yourself for the Treatment

Preparing for gum disease treatment means having a good talk with your dentist to find the best way to treat your gums. The time needed, discomfort and healing time depend on the suggested treatment and your oral health condition. If you need gum surgery, local anesthesia is common, and you might get medicine to make you relax. Regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene are the keys to treating and preventing gum disease.

At Sawmill Valley Dental, our experienced dental team offers full gum disease treatments to fit each patient’s needs, helping to overcome the disease and improve your oral health. Diagnosing gum disease sooner and treating it quickly is important to keep your gums and teeth healthy.

Contact us today to safeguard your precious smile!

Don't wait for the pain to worsen

Call us now for emergency dental help.

Sawmill Valley Dental

In Conclusion

Gum disease can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild gum irritation and swelling to severe infection and tooth loss. Prevention is always the best option. Having a proper oral health care routine and timely dental checkups can prevent gum disease or help diagnose it in its very early stages. However, if you are struggling with gum disease, you need to see our experienced dentist at Sawmill Valley Dental to find the most suitable treatment plan, which may range from teeth deep cleaning to gum surgery.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Gum Disease

Is gum disease contagious?

Gum disease is not considered a contagious disease, although any activities causing oral fluid exchange can pass bacteria and increase the risk of getting gum disease.

Can gum disease cause bad breath?

One of the complications of gum disease is bad breath, which can be annoying. The source of this bad smell is infection and bacteria outgrowth.

Can gum disease be cured, or is it a lifelong disease?

Typically, gum disease won’t be cured on its own. The early stages of gum disease can be managed with proper treatment by a professional dentist. Neglected gum disease may lead to advanced periodontitis which complications can be lifelong and irreversible.

Does smoking cause gum disease?

Smoking is one of the major risk factors for gum disease. To prevent gum disease or gingivitis, you should quit smoking and choose a healthier lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle and proper oral hygiene will secure your gum health.

Don't wait for the pain to worsen

Call us now for emergency dental help.

Sawmill Valley Dental

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